With the development of the leisure economy era and the influx of tourists, there are many problems in the street space of Gulangyu Island, resulting in new demands for the development of the street space of residents and tourists in the Gulangyu Island community. This article first briefly outlines the history and culture of Gulangyu Island, then conducts a field investigation of the residential community street space in the three central streets of Huandao Road, Longtou Road and Fuzhou Road, and then discusses the rationality of street space design from the aspects of residents' comfort level in street space combining the terrain of Gulangyu Island. Second, based on the field research data, it draws design elements from the walls of old buildings in Gulangyu Island, so that the design results respond to history and explore new ways to preserve historical cultural memory. Finally, it organizes the data and analyzes the problems in the production of community space and proposes corresponding design strategies. It is expected to provide reference for the optimization and improvement of the space of Chinese historical and cultural blocks and at the same time enrich and develop the research content of the commercial leisure space of historical and cultural blocks.