This study explores the development and evolution of the educational environment, teaching mode, teaching content and methods of general music education in Yangquan City from the perspective of the educated, with the aim of gaining insight into the development of general music education in Yangquan City and promoting the reform and development of general music education in Yangquan City. In the 1950s, there were no special music classes and teaching materials at the elementary school stage in Yangquan, and students learned through songs taught orally by teachers. At the junior middle school stage, there were singing classes and teaching materials, and piano was the main accompaniment instrument. In the 1980s, there were military drum corps and bands, and since the 2000s the teaching content and methods of music education have gradually diversified. In addition to learning basic textbook content, the learning of recorder and mouth organ has also been added. Teachers adopt games, homemade instruments and other ways to carry out the teaching activities, and the teaching is gradually student-centered. Although general music education in Yangquan is gradually developing with the development of the times, there are problems such as lack of attention to music curriculum and student-oriented teaching, and insufficient depth of teaching of music knowledge and skills. The relevant departments should pay full attention to the important role of general music education in quality education, guarantee that music classes are not occupied, hold more teacher training to enhance teacher strength, carry out teaching activities strictly according to the latest version of the new curriculum standards for primary and secondary schools, and promote the strength of various music competitions with a view to maximizing the role of music education.